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Life Sciences & Biotechnology

Health care and life sciences are major industry sectors in Houston driven by world-class institutions and professional talent. Houston is home to the largest medical complex in the world, the Texas Medical Center, which provides clinical health care, research and education at its 61 institutions. TMC's presence is a major force in the broader region's thriving life sciences sector. Houston has more than 1,760 life sciences companies, cutting edge hospitals, health facilities and research institutions with a workforce of more than 394,500 people in health care, biotech and related fields in the area. 

Business Climate

As a hub for medical device manufacturing, pharmaceuticals and health research, Houston has more than 1,760 life sciences companies, cutting-edge health care facilities and research institutions. The healthcare and life sciences industries collectively employ over 394,500 workers, making these larger than Houston’s energy sector. The region’s growth in employment, high concentration of key scientists, National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding, quality and quantity of educational intuitions, and medical research and health services institutions make this one of the largest centers of medicine and related science in the world. 


Life Sciences Companies


Healthcare & Life Sciences Employment


NIH Funding '22


Research and Innovation Centers

Texas Medical Center

Houston is home to the largest medical center in the world—Texas Medical Center (TMC). Home to the brightest minds in medicine, TMC nurtures cross-institutional collaboration, creativity and innovation through its 61 member institutions. From some of the world’s leading hospitals to the top research facilities, Houston institutions are making an impact worldwide. 


Patient Visits Annually

$3 Billion

Value of Construction Projects


Total Employees


Total Patient Beds

14 Specialties

Nationally Ranked

In the field of health and medical technology, the Texas Medical Center’s Innovation Institute coordinates the efforts of several life science-focused incubator and accelerator programs. The organization aims to help startup companies commercialize new medical technologies by providing access to the vast resources of the world’s largest medical center.

Venture capital and private equity investment in Houston life science startups totaled more than $500 million in 2021. Additionally, the TMC Venture Fund aims to invest $25 million in early stage health care tech companies in Houston.

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Notable Employers
Industry Partners

Houston employed 376,089 health care workers in the year ending Q3/20

Need more information about the Biotechnology and Life Sciences Industry? Your dedicated team member can help:

  • Assist in site selection analysis
  • Assist in evaluating and applying for incentives
  • Aid in the permitting process
  • Provide data on key business facilities
  • Facilitate and foster key introductions
Verena Kallhoff
Senior Director, Life Sciences
Economic Development
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